Cindy K. Chung

 

Postdoctoral Fellow

Department of Psychology

The University of Texas at Austin

chung@austin.utexas.edu

 

Research

Text Analysis

 

How do the words you use reflect your personality, psychological states, and social groups? I have studied, for example, how word use differs between winning and losing presidential candidates, between successful and failed dieters, and between collectivists and individualists.

One line of my research focuses on the use of words that people can't readily manipulate. Function words (e.g. articles, prepositions, pronouns, etc.) are markers of linguistic style. They tend to be more reliable markers in detecting personality traits and psychological states than are regular content words (e.g. nouns, regular verbs, etc). My second line of research focuses on extracting statistical patterns of word use in order to track topics over time, across cultures, and in multiple languages. All of my work involves the development and application of computerized text analysis tools.

Most experimental and clinical psychologists, market researchers, or forensic investigators have verbal, open-ended data recorded from past studies, or now have access to natural language samples online. My research seeks to enhance work in these areas by offering a fast, reliable, and ecologically valid way of assessing individuals and their social worlds.

General Text Analysis References

Pennebaker, J. W., & Chung, C. K. (in press). Counting little words in big data: The psychology of communities, culture, and history. In J. László, J. Forgas, & O. Vincze (Eds.), Social Cognition and Communication. New York: Psychology Press.

Chung, C. K., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2012). Language. In D. S. Dunn (Ed.), Oxford Bibliographies Online: Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Chung, C. K., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2012). Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC): pronounced “Luke”,… and other useful facts. In P. McCarthy and C. Boonthum, Applied natural language processing and content analysis: Identification, investigation, and resolution (pp. 206-209). Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Global.

Chung, C.K., & Pennebaker, J.W. (2007). The psychological functions of function words. In K. Fiedler (Ed.), Social communication (pp. 343-359). New York: Psychology Press. [pdf]

Pennebaker, J. W., Chung, C. K., Ireland, M., Gonzales, A. L., & Booth, R. J. (2007). The development and psychometric properties of LIWC2007. Austin, TX: www.LIWC.net. [pdf]

Personality Psychology

Ramirez-Esparza, N., Chung, C. K., Sierra-Otero, G., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2012). Cross-cultural constructions of self-schemas: American and Mexican college students. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43, 233-250.

Kramer, A. D. I., & Chung, C. K. (2011). Dimensions of self-expression in Facebook status updates. Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM), pp.169-176.

Chung, C. K., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2008). Revealing dimensions of thinking in open-ended self-descriptions: An automated meaning extraction method for natural language. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 96-132. [pdf]

Lee, C. H., Kim, K., Seo, Y. S., & Chung, C. K. (2007). The relationship between personality and language use. Journal of General Psychology, 134, 405-413. [pdf]

Slatcher, R. B., Chung, C. K., Pennebaker, J. W., & Stone, L. D. (2007). Winning words: Individual differences in linguistic style among U.S. presidential candidates. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 63-75. [pdf]

Pennebaker, J. W., Slatcher, R. B., & Chung, C. K. (2005). Linguistic markers of psychological state through media interviews: John Kerry and John Edwards in 2004, Al Gore in 2000. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, Special Issue: The Social Psychology of the 2004 US Presidential Elections, 5, 1-9. [pdf]

Forensic Psychology

Chung, C. K., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2011). Using computerized text analysis to assess threatening communications and actual behavior. In C. Chauvin (Ed.), Threatening communications and behavior: Perspectives in the pursuit of public figures (pp.3-32). Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

Hancock, J. T., Beaver, D. I., Chung, C. K., Frazee, J., Pennebaker, J. W., Graesser, A. C., & Cai, Z. (2010). Social language processing: A framework for analyzing the communication of terrorists and authoritarian regimes. Behavioral Sciences in Terrorism and Political Aggression, Special Issue: Memory and Terrorism, 2, 108-132.

Pennebaker, J. W., & Chung, C. K. (2008). Computerized text analysis of al-Qaeda statements. In K. Krippendorff and M. Bock (Eds.), A content analysis reader (pp. 453-466). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. [pdf]

Pennebaker, J. W., & Chung, C. K. (2005). Tracking the social dynamics of responses to terrorism: Language, behavior, and the Internet. In, S. Wessely and V. N. Krasnov (Eds.), Psychological responses to the new terrorism: A NATO Russia dialogue (pp. 159-170). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press. [pdf]

Health and Clinical Psychology

Seih, Y. T., Chung, C. K., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2011). Experimental manipulations of perspective taking and perspective switching in expressive writing. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 926-937.

Pennebaker, J. W., & Chung, C. K. (2011). Expressive writing and its links to mental and physical health. In H. S. Friedman (Ed.), Oxford handbook of health psychology (pp. 417-437). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Pennebaker, J. W. & Chung, C. K. (2010). Expressive writing, emotional upheavals, and health. In J. F. Evans (Ed.), Wellness & writing connections: Writing for better physical, mental, and spiritual health (pp.33-112). Enumclaw, WA: Idyll Arbor, Inc.

Wolf, M., Chung, C. K., & Kordy, H. (2010). Inpatient treatment to online aftercare: E-mailing themes as a function of therapeutic outcomes. Psychotherapy Research, 20, 71-85.

Wolf, M., Chung, C. K., & Kordy, H. (2010). MEM’s search for meaning: A rejoinder. Psychotherapy Research, 20, 93-99.

Ramirez-Esparza, N., Chung, C. K., Sierra-Otero, G., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2009). El lenguaje de la depresión: Categorías lingüísticas y temas usados en foros de discusión en el internet en Inglés y en Español . [The language of depression: Linguistic categories and themes used in discussion forums on the internet in English and Spanish]. Revista de la Asociación de Psicoterapia de la República Argentina, Julios 2009. [pdf]

Chung, C. K., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2008). Variations in the spacing of expressive writing sessions. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13, 15-21. [pdf]

Chung, C. K., Jones, C., Liu, A., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2008). Predicting success and failure in weight loss blogs through natural language use. Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM), 180-181. [pdf]

Ramirez-Esparza, N., Chung, C. K., Kacewicz, E., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2008). The psychology of word use in depression forums in English and in Spanish: Testing two text analytic approaches. Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM), 102-108. [pdf]

Pennebaker, J. W., & Chung, C. K. (2007). Expressive writing, emotional upheavals, and health. In H. S. Friedman and R. C. Silver (Eds.), Foundations of health psychology (pp. 263-284). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Chung, C. K., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2005). Assessing quality of life through natural language use: Implications of computerized text analysis. In W. Lenderking and D. Revicki (Eds.), Advancing health outcomes, research methods, and clinical applications (pp.79-94). Washington, DC: Degnon Associates. [pdf]

Foreign Language Text Analysis Resources

Huang, C.-L., Chung, C. K., Hui, N. H. H., Lin, Y.-C., Seih, Y., Lam, B. C. P., Chen, W.-C., Bond, M. H., & Pennebaker, J. W. (in press). [The development of the Chinese Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count dictionary]. Chinese Journal of Psychology.

Ramirez-Esparza, N., Chung, C. K., Sierra-Otero, G., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2012). Cross-cultural constructions of self-schemas: American and Mexican college students. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43, 233-250.

Kailer, A., & Chung, C.K. (2011). The Russian LIWC2007 dictionary. Austin, TX: www.LIWC.net

Piolat, A., Booth, R. J., Chung, C. K., Davids, M., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2011). The French LIWC2007 dictionary. Austin, TX: www.LIWC.net

Piolat, A., Booth, R. J., Chung, C. K., Davids, M., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2011). La version Française du LIWC : Modalités de construction et exemples d’application [The French version of LIWC: Modalities of construction and examples of use.] Psychologie Française, 56, 145-159.

Hayeri, N., Chung, C. K., Booth, R. J., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2010). LIWC for Arabic texts. Austin TX: www.LIWC.net

Wolf, M., Chung, C. K., & Kordy, H. (2010). Inpatient treatment to online aftercare: E-mailing themes as a function of therapeutic outcomes. Psychotherapy Research, 20, 71-85.

Wolf, M., Chung, C. K., & Kordy, H. (2010). MEM’s search for meaning: A rejoinder. Psychotherapy Research, 20, 93-99.

Ramirez-Esparza, N., Chung, C. K., Sierra-Otero, G., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2009). El lenguaje de la depresión: Categorías lingüísticas y temas usados en foros de discusión en el internet en Inglés y en Español. [The language of depression: Linguistic categories and themes used in discussion forums on the internet in English and Spanish]. Revista de la Asociación de Psicoterapia de la República Argentina, Julios 2009. [pdf]

Ramirez-Esparza, N., Chung, C. K., Kacewicz, E., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2008). The psychology of word use in depression forums in English and in Spanish: Testing two text analytic approaches. Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM), 102-108. [pdf]

Lee, C. H., Kim, K., Seo, Y. S., & Chung, C. K. (2007). The relationship between personality and language use. Journal of General Psychology, 134, 405-413. [pdf]

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