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Below you will find links to some instruments we have created. Each measure has been validated and published.  We provide downloadable copies of the scales, corresponding articles, and normative data (in pdf format)Researchers are free to use these scales. NO NEED TO ASK ME FOR PERMISSION. If you have questions regarding any of these scales or this website let me know.


Ten Item Personality Measure (TIPI)

Short Test Of Music Preferences (STOMP)

Personal Living Space Cue Inventory (PLSCI)


Ten Item Personality Measure (TIPI)

The TIPI is a 10-item measure of the Big Five (or Five-Factor Model) dimensions. Before you use this instrument, please read this note on alpha reliability and factor structure.

Original reference:

     Gosling, S. D., Rentfrow, P. J., & Swann, W. B., Jr. (2003). A Very Brief Measure of the Big Five Personality Domains. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 504-528.


When time is limited, researchers may be faced with the choice of using an extremely brief measure of the Big-Five personality dimensions or using no measure at all. To meet the need for a very brief measure, 5 and 10-item inventories were developed and evaluated. Although somewhat inferior to standard multi-item instruments, the instruments reached adequate levels in terms of (a) convergence with widely used Big-Five measures in self, observer, and peer reports, (b) test-retest reliability, (c) patterns of predicted external correlates, and (d) convergence between self and observer ratings. On the basis of these tests, a 10-item measure of the Big Five dimensions is offered for situations when very short measures are needed, personality is not the primary topic of interest, or researchers can tolerate the somewhat diminished psychometric properties associated with very brief measures.

More information:

1. TIPI manuscript (pdf format)

2. TIPI scale (html)

3. TIPI scale (pdf format)

4. TIPI norms (pdf format)

Scoring the TIPI

1. Recode the reverse-scored items (i.e., recode a 7 with a 1, a 6 with a 2, a 5 with a 3, etc.). The reverse scored items are 2, 4, 6, 8, & 10.

2. Take the AVERAGE of the two items (the standard item and the recoded reverse-scored item) that make up each scale.

Example using the Extraversion scale: A participant has scores of 5 on item 1 (Extraverted, enthusiastic) and and 2 on item 6 (Reserved, quiet). First, recode the reverse-scored item (i.e., item 6), replacing the 2 with a 6. Second, take the average of the score for item 1 and the (recoded) score for item 6. So the TIPI Extraversion scale score would be: (5 + 6)/2 = 5.5



Daniel DeNeui has created an excel spreadsheet, which computes your scores and plots them alongside the norms we have published. Click here to get a copy of the spreadsheet. If you have any questions about the spreadsheet please contact Dr. DeNeui.

Justin Cheng has created an spss syntax file to compute the scores. Click here to get a copy. If you have any questions about it, please contact Justin.


Comparisons with other very brief Big Five scales

In response to the need for very brief measures of the Big Five, a couple of other measures have been developed in addition to the TIPI. These include the Single-Item Measure of Personality (SIMP; Wood & Hampson, 2005) and another 10-item measure (Rammstedt & John, 2007). In my own (unpublished) analyses all three instruments perform about equally well in terms of convergence with the NEO-PI-R assessed several weeks later. Moreover, all three instruments take about the same length of time to complete (because the 5 items of the SIMP are longer and more complex than than the items in the 10-item tests). The one published analysis (Furnham, 2008) that compared several very brief measures suggested that the TIPI "achieves slightly better validity than the other measures."



These translations have been provided by their developers for research use. I have included them here as a resource for researchers but their inclusion does not imply that I endorse them. They differ in the procedures used to develop them and the degree to which they have been validated. I did not develop them and have not used them in my own research so I cannot evaluate them.  For further details on the instruments, please contact their authors. As far as I know, you are free to use these translations but as a courtesy I encourage you to contact the contact persons listed below before doing so.


A Catalan version is available here (in pdf format). This document also includes a Castillian version. It was developed by Ursula Oberst and Vanessa Renau Ruiz.

The validation of the instrument is described in:

Renau, V., Oberst, U., Gosling, S. D., Rusiñol, J., & Chamarro, A (2013). Translation and validation of the Ten-Item-Personality Inventory into Spanish and Catalan. Aloma.Revista de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i de l'Esport, 31, 85-97.



A Chinese version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Minyan Huang, Ye Chen, and Hillary Anger Elfenbein.  

Another Chinese version of the TIPI is available  here (in pdf format). It was developed by Jean Tzou and Lise DeShea.  


A Dutch version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Sander Koole.  

An analysis of a revised five-item version of the Dutch TIPI, the TIPI-r (in which the two items on each scale were converted to a single item) is available here (in pdf format). For questions about this scale or about a Dutch translation of the 44-item BFI, email Jaap Denissen.

A second Dutch version of the TIPI is available here (in word format) along with an article by Joeri Hofmans, Peter Kuppens, and Juri Allik describing how it was validated.


A Farsi version of the TIPI is available here (in pdf format). It was developed by Madjid Mirzavaziri, Hamid Vazire, and Simine Vazire in collaboration with Mohsen Joshanloo.


A French version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Erica Carlisle.

A revised version of the Carlisle instrument is available here (in pdf format). It eliminates three additional (non-TIPI) items, lists the traits in both masculine and feminine form, and uses the original TIPI item order. The revision was made by Mike Friedman.


A German version of the TIPI is available here (in word format) or by emailing the authors Benedikt Hell and Peter M. Muck.

The validation of this instrument is described in:

Muck, P. M., Hell, B, & Gosling, S. D. (2007). Construct validation of a short Five-Factor Model instrument: A self-peer study on the German adaptation of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-G). European Journal of Personality Assessment. Please email  Benedikt Hell or Peter M. Muck for information on this paper.


A Greek version of the TIPI is available  here (in pdf format). It was developed by Eleni Karfopoulou.


A Hebrew version of the TIPI is available here (in word format). It was developed by Sigal Tifferet.


An Italian version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Erica Carlisle.


A Japanese  version of the TIPI is available  here (in pdf format). It was developed by Atsushi Oshio, Shingo Abe, and Pino Cutrone.

The validation of the instrument is described in:

Oshio, A., Abe, S., & Cutrone, P. (2012). Development, reliability, and validity of the Japanese Version of the Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-J). The Japanese Journal of Personality, 21, 40-52.


A Korean  version of the TIPI is available  here (in pdf format). It was developed by Shang E. Ha.


A Nepalese version of the TIPI is available  here (in pdf format). It was developed by Ho Pui Chan.


A Norwegian version of the TIPI is available here (in word format) or by emailing the author Cristina Aicher.


A Polish version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Mariola Laguna. Some basic psychometric information is available here (in word format).


A Portugese (Brazilian Portugese) version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Carlos Eduardo Pimentel

A Portugese (European Portugese) version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Sao Luis Castro and Cesar Lima.


Five Spanish versions of the TIPI are available:

One version is available here (in pdf format). This document includes both Castillian and Catalan versions. It was developed by Ursula Oberst and Vanessa Renau Ruiz.

The validation of the instrument is described in:

Renau, V., Oberst, U., Gosling, S. D., Rusiñol, J., & Chamarro, A (2013). Translation and validation of the Ten-Item-Personality Inventory into Spanish and Catalan. Aloma.Revista de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i de l'Esport, 31, 85-97.

Another version is available here (in pdf format). It was developed by Cesar A. Merino Soto.

Another version is available here (in word format). It was developed by Carmelo Vazquez.

Another version  is available here (in word format). It was developed by Nairan Ramirez.

Another version is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Erica Carlisle.


A Swedish version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was originally developed by Erica Carlisle and revised and updated by Emil Lundell.


A Turkish version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Hason Atak. Some basic psychometric information is available here (in word format).



***NOTE: I no longer keep up with the papers that use the TIPI so the list below is out of date. If you're interested in seeing the latest, check out the paper on Google Scholar.


Achenbach, T. M., Krukowski, R. A., Dumenci, L., & Ivanova, M. Y. (2005). Assessment of adult psychopathology: Meta-analyses and implications of cross-informant correlations. Psychological Bulletin, 131(3), 361-382.

Ahmetoglu, G., Swami, V., & Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2010). The Relationship Between Dimensions of Love, Personality, and Relationship Length. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39(5), 1181-1190. doi: 10.1007/s10508-009-9515-5

Ames, D. R., & Bianchi, E. C. (2008). The Agreeableness Asymmetry in First Impressions: Perceivers' Impulse to (Mis)judge Agreeableness and How It Is Moderated by Power. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34(12), 1719-1736. doi: 10.1177/0146167208323932

Ames, D. R., Bianchi, E. C., & Magee, J. C. (2010). Professed impressions: What people say about others affects onlookers' perceptions of speakers' power and warmth. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(1), 152-158. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.09.011

Ames, D. R., Kammrath, L. K., Suppes, A., & Bolger, N. (2010). Not So Fast: The (Not-Quite-Complete) Dissociation Between Accuracy and Confidence in Thin-Slice Impressions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(2), 264-277. doi: 10.1177/0146167209354519

Amir, O., & Ariely, D. (2007). Decisions by rules: The case of unwillingness to pay for beneficial delays. Journal of Marketing Research, 44(1), 142-152.

Anand, P., Hunter, G., Carter, I., Dowding, K., Guala, F., & Van Hees, M. (2009). The Development of Capability Indicators. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 10(1), 125-152. doi: 10.1080/14649880802675366

Anand, P., & Santos, C. (2007). Violent crime, gender inequalities and well-being: models based on a survey of individual capabilities and crime rates for England and Wales. Revue D Economie Politique, 117(1), 135-160.

Anderson, C., & Kilduff, G. J. (2009). Why Do Dominant Personalities Attain Influence in Face-to-Face Groups? The Competence-Signaling Effects of Trait Dominance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(2), 491-503. doi: 10.1037/a0014201

Anusic, I., Schimmack, U., Pinkus, R. T., & Lockwood, P. (2009). The Nature and Structure of Correlations Among Big Five Ratings: The Halo-Alpha-Beta Model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97(6), 1142-1156. doi: 10.1037/a0017159

Ashton, M., Kushner, J., & Siegel, D. (2007). Personality traits of municipal politicians and staff. Canadian Public Administration-Administration Publique Du Canada, 50(2), 273-289.

Back, M. D., Stopfer, J. M., Vazire, S., Gaddis, S., Schmukle, S. C., Egloff, B., & Gosling, S. D. (2010). Facebook Profiles Reflect Actual Personality, Not Self-Idealization. Psychological Science, 21(3), 372-374. doi: 10.1177/0956797609360756

Baer, M., Oldham, G. A., Jacobsohn, G. C., & Hollingshead, A. B. (2008). The Personality Composition of Teams and Creativity: The Moderating Role of Team Creative Confidence. Journal of Creative Behavior, 42(4), 255-282.

Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., Vecchione, M., & Fraley, C. R. (2007). Voters' personality traits in presidential elections. Personality and Individual Differences, 42(7), 1199-1208. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2006.09.029

Bassett, J. F. (2010). The Effects of Mortality Salience and Social Dominance Orientation on Attitudes Toward Illegal Immigrants. Social Psychology, 41(1), 52-55. doi: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000008

Batey, M., Furnham, A., & Safiullina, X. (2010). Intelligence, general knowledge and personality as predictors of creativity. Learning and Individual Differences, 20(5), 532-535. doi: 10.1016/j.lindif.2010.04.008

Belisle, J. F., & Bodur, H. O. (2010). Avatars as Information: Perception of Consumers Based on Their Avatars in Virtual Worlds. Psychology & Marketing, 27(8), 741-765. doi: 10.1002/mar.20354

Berenson, K. R., Gyurak, A., Ayduk, O., Downey, G., Garner, M. J., Mogg, K., . . . Pine, D. S. (2009). Rejection sensitivity and disruption of attention by social threat cues. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(6), 1064-1072. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.07.007


Besser, A., & Shackelford, T. K. (2007). Mediation of the effects of the big five personality dimensions on negative mood and confirmed affective expectations by perceived situational stress: A quasi-field study of vacationers. Personality and Individual Differences, 42(7), 1333-1346. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2006.10.011

Bias, R. G., Larson, K., Huang, S. C., & Aumer-Ryan, P. R. (2010). An Exploratory Study of Visual and Psychological Correlates of Preference for Onscreen Subpixel-Rendered Text. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61(4), 745-757. doi: 10.1002/asi.21273

Block, C. A., Erickson, B., Carney-Doebbling, C., Gordon, S., Fallon, B., & Konety, B. R. (2007). Personality, treatment choice and satisfaction in patients with localized prostate cancer. International Journal of Urology, 14(11), 1013-1018. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2042.2007.01875.x

Block, J. (2010). The Five-Factor Framing of Personality and Beyond: Some Ruminations. Psychological Inquiry, 21(1), 2-25. doi: 10.1080/10478401003596626

Block, J., & Koellinger, P. (2009). I Can't Get No Satisfaction-Necessity Entrepreneurship and Procedural Utility. Kyklos, 62(2), 191-209. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6435.2009.00431.x

Blore, J. D., Stokes, M. A., Mellor, D., Firth, L., & Cummins, R. A. (2011). Comparing Multiple Discrepancies Theory to Affective Models of Subjective Wellbeing. Social Indicators Research, 100(1), 1-16. doi: 10.1007/s11205-010-9599-2

Brewer, N. T., & Hallman, W. K. (2006). Subjective and objective risk as predictors of influenza vaccination during the vaccine shortage of 2004-2005. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 43(11), 1379-1386.

Bunevicius, A., Katkute, A., & Bunevicius, R. (2008). SYMPTOMS OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN MEDICAL STUDENTS AND IN HUMANITIES STUDENTS: RELATIONSHIP WITH BIG-FIVE PERSONALITY DIMENSIONS AND VULNERABILITY TO STRESS. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 54(6), 494-501. doi: 10.1177/0020764008090843

Burris, E. R., Rodgers, M. S., Mannix, E. A., Hendron, M. G., & Oldroyd, J. B. (2009). Playing Favorites: The Influence of Leaders' Inner Circle on Group Processes and Performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35(9), 1244-1257. doi: 10.1177/0146167209338747

Callan, M. J., Ellard, J. H., Shead, N. W., & Hodgins, D. C. (2008). Gambling as a Search for Justice: Examining the Role of Personal Relative Deprivation in Gambling Urges and Gambling Behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34(11), 1514-1529. doi: 10.1177/0146167208322956

Caprara, G., Francescato, D., Mebane, M., Sorace, R., & Vecchione, M. (2010). Personality Foundations of Ideological Divide: A Comparison of Women Members of Parliament and Women Voters in Italy. Political Psychology, 31(5), 739-762. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2010.00780.x

Caprara, G., Vecchione, M., & Schwartz, S. H. (2009). Mediational role of values in linking personality traits to political orientation. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 12(2), 82-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-839X.2009.01274.x

Caprara, G. V. (2008). Will democracy win? Journal of Social Issues, 64(3), 639-659.

Caprara, G. V., Schwartz, S. H., Vecchione, M., & Barbaranelli, C. (2008). The Personalization of Politics Lessons from the Italian Case. European Psychologist, 13(3), 157-172. doi: 10.1027/1016-9040.13.3.157

Caprara, G. V., Vecchione, M., Barbaranelli, C., & Fraley, R. C. (2007). When likeness goes with liking: The case of political preference. Political Psychology, 28(5), 609-632.

Carney, D. R., Jost, J. T., Gosling, S. D., & Potter, J. (2008). The Secret Lives of Liberals and Conservatives: Personality Profiles, Interaction Styles, and the Things They Leave Behind. Political Psychology, 29(6), 807-840.

Cervone, D., Shadel, W. G., Smith, R. E., & Fiori, M. (2006). Self-regulation: Reminders and suggestions from personality science. Applied Psychology-an International Review-Psychologie Appliquee-Revue Internationale, 55(3), 333-385.

Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Arteche, A., Bremner, A. J., Greven, C., & Furnham, A. (2010). Soft skills in higher education: importance and improvement ratings as a function of individual differences and academic performance. Educational Psychology, 30(2), 221-241. doi: 10.1080/01443410903560278

Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Bennett, E., & Furnham, A. (2007). The happy personality: Mediational role of trait emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 42(8), 1633-1639. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2006.10.029

Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Burke, C., Hsu, A., & Swami, V. (2010). Personality Predictors of Artistic Preferences as a Function of the Emotional Valence and Perceived Complexity of Paintings. Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts, 4(4), 196-204. doi: 10.1037/a0019211

Chen, S., Langner, C. A., & Mendoza-Denton, R. (2009). When Dispositional and Role Power Fit: Implications for Self-Expression and Self-Other Congruence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(3), 710-727. doi: 10.1037/a0014526


Chirumbolo, A., & Leone, L. (2010). Personality and politics: The role of the HEXACO model of personality in predicting ideology and voting. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(1), 43-48. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.03.004

Chung, C. K., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2008). Revealing dimensions of thinking in open-ended self-descriptions: An automated meaning extraction method for natural language. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(1), 96-132. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2007.04.006

Cokely, E. T., & Feltz, A. (2009). Individual differences, judgment biases, and theory-of-mind: Deconstructing the intentional action side effect asymmetry. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(1), 18-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2008.10.007

Combs, J. L., Smith, G. T., & Simmons, J. R. (2011). Distinctions between two expectancies in the prediction of maladaptive eating behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(1), 25-30. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.08.015

Cooper, A. J., Smillie, L. D., & Corr, P. J. (2010). A confirmatory factor analysis of the Mini-IPIP five-factor model personality scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(5), 688-691. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.01.004

Coplan, R. J., Arbeau, K. A., & Armer, M. (2008). Don't fret, be supportive! maternal characteristics linking child shyness to psychosocial and school adjustment in kindergarten. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36(3), 359-371. doi: 10.1007/s10802-007-9183-7

Coplan, R. J., Reichel, M., & Rowan, K. (2009). Exploring the associations between maternal personality, child temperament, and parenting: A focus on emotions. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(2), 241-246. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.10.011

Correa, T., Hinsley, A. W., & de Zuniga, H. G. (2010). Who interacts on the Web?: The intersection of users' personality and social media use. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(2), 247-253. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2009.09.003

Costello, K., & Hodson, G. (2010). Exploring the roots of dehumanization: The role of animal-human similarity in promoting immigrant humanization. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 13(1), 3-22. doi: 10.1177/1368430209347725

Crocker, J., & Canevello, A. (2008). Creating and undermining social support in communal relationships: The role of compassionate and self-image goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(3), 555-575. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.95.3.555

Daly, M., Delaney, L., Doran, P. P., Harmon, C., & MacLachlan, M. (2010). Naturalistic Monitoring of the Affect-Heart Rate Relationship: A Day Reconstruction Study. Health Psychology, 29(2), 186-195. doi: 10.1037/a0017626

Daly, M., Harmon, C. P., & Delaney, L. (2009). PSYCHOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF TIME PREFERENCE. Journal of the European Economic Association, 7(2-3), 659-669.

Dandeneau, S. D., Baldwin, M. W., Baccus, J. R., Sakellaropoulo, M., & Pruessner, J. C. (2007). Cutting stress off at the pass: Reducing vigilance and responsiveness to social threat by manipulating attention. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93(4), 651-666. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.93.4.651

Davies, K. A., Lane, A. M., Devonport, T. J., & Scott, J. A. (2010). Validity and Reliability of a Brief Emotional Intelligence Scale (BEIS-10). Journal of Individual Differences, 31(4), 198-208. doi: 10.1027/1614-0001/a000028

Delaney, L., Harmon, C., & Wall, P. (2008). Behavioral economics and drinking behavior: Preliminary results from an Irish college study. Economic Inquiry, 46(1), 29-36. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2007.00077.x

Denissen, J. J. A., Geenen, R., Selfhout, M., & Van Aken, M. A. G. (2008). Single-item big five ratings in a social network design. European Journal of Personality, 22(1), 37-54. doi: 10.1002/per.662

Denissen, J. J. A., Geenen, R., Van Aken, M. A. G., Gosling, S. D., & Potter, J. (2008). Development and validation of a Dutch translation of the Big Five Inventory (BFI). Journal of Personality Assessment, 90(2), 152-157. doi: 10.1080/00223890701845229

Dollinger, S. J., & Malmquist, D. (2009). Reliability and Validity of Single-Item Self-Reports: With Special Relevance to College Students' Alcohol Use, Religiosity, Study, and Social Life. Journal of General Psychology, 136(3), 231-241.

Donnellan, M. B., Conger, R. D., & Burzette, B. G. (2005). Criterion-related validity, self-other agreement, and longitudinal analyses for the Iowa personality questionnaire: A short alternative to the MPQ. Journal of Research in Personality, 39(4), 458-485. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2004.05.004

Donnellan, M. B., Oswald, F. L., Baird, B. M., & Lucas, R. E. (2006). The Mini-IPIP scales: Tiny-yet-effective measures of the big five factors of personality. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 192-203. doi: 10.1037/1040-3590.18.2.192

Dunkel, C. S., Harbke, C. R., & Papini, D. R. (2009). Direct and Indirect Effects of Birth Order on Personality and Identity: Support for the Null Hypothesis. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 170(2), 159-175.

Ehrhart, M. G., Ehrhart, K. H., Roesch, S. C., Chung-Herrera, B. G., Nadler, K., & Bradshaw, K. (2009). Testing the latent factor structure and construct validity of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(8), 900-905. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.07.012

Ehrlich, S., & Maestas, C. (2010). Risk Orientation, Risk Exposure, and Policy Opinions: The Case of Free Trade. Political Psychology, 31(5), 657-684. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2010.00774.x

Eisenkraft, N., & Elfenbein, H. A. (2010). The Way You Make Me Feel: Evidence for Individual Differences in Affective Presence. Psychological Science, 21(4), 505-510. doi: 10.1177/0956797610364117

Ekinci, Y., & Dawes, P. L. (2009). Consumer perceptions of frontline service employee personality traits, interaction quality, and consumer satisfaction. Service Industries Journal, 29(4), 503-521. doi: 10.1080/02642060802283113

Fast, L. A., Lewis, J. L., Bryant, M. J., Bocian, K. A., Cardullo, R. A., Rettig, M., & Hammond, K. A. (2010). Does Math Self-Efficacy Mediate the Effect of the Perceived Classroom Environment on Standardized Math Test Performance? Journal of Educational Psychology, 102(3), 729-740. doi: 10.1037/a0018863

Felicia, P. (2009). Modelling Players' Behaviours and Learning Strategies in Video Games.

Feltz, A., & Cokely, E. T. (2009). Do judgments about freedom and responsibility depend on who you are? Personality differences in intuitions about compatibilism and incompatibilism. Consciousness and Cognition, 18(1), 342-350. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2008.08.001

Ferris, G. R., Rogers, L. M., Blass, F. R., & Hochwarter, W. A. (2009). Interaction of job-limiting pain and political skill on job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(7-8), 584-608. doi: 10.1108/02683940910989002

Few, L. R., Miller, J. D., Morse, J. Q., Yaggi, K. E., Reynolds, S. K., & Pilkonis, P. A. (2010). Examining the Reliability and Validity of Clinician Ratings on the Five-Factor Model Score Sheet. Assessment, 17(4), 440-453. doi: 10.1177/1073191110372210

Fiore, A. T., Taylor, L. S., Zhong, X. M., Mendelsohn, G. A., Cheshire, C., & Ieee. (2010). Who's Right and Who Writes: People, Profiles, Contacts, and Replies in Online Dating 43rd Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences Vols 1-5 (pp. 1667-1676).

Flynn, F. J., Reagans, R. E., Amanatullah, E. T., & Ames, D. R. (2006). Helping one's way to the top: Self-monitors achieve status by helping others and knowing who helps whom. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(6), 1123-1137.

Forgas, J. P., Dunn, E., & Granland, S. (2008). Are you being served ... ? An unobtrusive experiment of affective influences on helping in a department store. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38(2), 333-342. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.455

Foulkrod, K. H., Field, C., & Brown, C. V. R. (2010). Trauma Surgeon Personality and Job Satisfaction: Results from a National Survey. American Surgeon, 76(4), 422-427.

Franek, M., & Vecera, J. (2008). PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS AND JOB SATISFACTION. E & M Ekonomie a Management, 11(4), 63-76.

Furnham, A. (2008). Relationship among four big five measures of different length. Psychological Reports, 102(1), 312-316. doi: 10.2466/pr0.102.1.312-316

Furnham, A., & Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2010). Consensual Beliefs about the Fairness and Accuracy of Selection Methods at University. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 18(4), 417-424.

Furnham, A., Eracleous, A., & Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2009). Personality, motivation and job satisfaction: Hertzberg meets the Big Five. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(7-8), 765-779. doi: 10.1108/02683940910996789

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Goldstein, A. L., & Flett, G. L. (2009). Personality, Alcohol Use, and Drinking Motives A Comparison of Independent and Combined Internal Drinking Motives Groups. Behavior Modification, 33(2), 182-198. doi: 10.1177/0145445508322920

Goldstein, A. L., Flett, G. L., Wekerle, C., & Wall, A. M. (2009). Personality, Child Maltreatment, and Substance Use: Examining Correlates of Deliberate Self-Harm Among University Students. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science-Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement, 41(4), 241-251. doi: 10.1037/a0014847

Gomez, V., Krings, F., Bangerter, A., & Grob, A. (2009). The influence of personality and life events on subjective well-being from a life span perspective. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(3), 345-354. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2008.12.014

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Greene, J. D., & Paxton, J. M. (2009). Patterns of neural activity associated with honest and dishonest moral decisions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(30), 12506-12511. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0900152106

Gries, P. H., Crowson, H. M., & Sandel, T. (2010). The Olympic Effect on American Attitudes towards China: beyond personality, ideology, and media exposure. Journal of Contemporary China, 19(64), 213-231. doi: 10.1080/10670560903444181

Guest, A. M., & Cox, S. (2009). Using Athletes as Role Models? Conceptual and Empirical Perspectives from a Sample of Elite Women Soccer Players. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 4(4), 567-581.

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Ha, S. E., & Kim, S. (2013). Personality and subjective well-being: Evidence from South Korea. Social Indicators Research, 111, 341-359.

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Harris, J. M., Cherkas, L. F., Kato, B. S., Heiman, J. R., & Spector, T. D. (2008). Normal variations in personality are associated with coital orgasmic infrequency in heterosexual women: A population-based study. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 5(5), 1177-1183. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.00800.x

Harvey, J., Heslop, S., & Thorpe, N. (2011). The categorisation of drivers in relation to boredom. Transportation Planning and Technology, 34(1), 51-69. doi: 10.1080/03081060.2011.530829

Heller, D., Komar, J., & Lee, W. B. (2007). The dynamics of personality states, goals, and well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(6), 898-910. doi: 10.1177/0146167207301010

Hemmesch, A. R., Tickle-Degnen, L., & Zebrowitz, L. A. (2009). The Influence of Facial Masking and Sex on Older Adults' Impressions of Individuals With Parkinson's Disease. Psychology and Aging, 24(3), 542-549. doi: 10.1037/a0016105

Herzberg, P. Y., & Brahler, E. (2006). Assessing the Big-Five personality domains via short forms - A cautionary note and a proposal. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 22(3), 139-148.

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Hnilica, K. (2005a). Influences of materialistic value orientation on life satisfaction. Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 49(5), 385-398.

Hnilica, K. (2005b). Influences of political orientation, social comparison and personality on satisfaction with life. Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 49(2), 97-116.

Hodson, G., & Costello, K. (2007). Interpersonal disgust, ideological orientations, and dehumanization as predictors of intergroup attitudes. Psychological Science, 18(8), 691-698.

Hofmans, J., Kuppens, P., & Allik, J. (2008). Is short in length short in content? An examination of the domain representation of the Ten Item Personality Inventory scales in Dutch language. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(8), 750-755. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.08.004

Hong, Y. Y., Chao, M. M., & No, S. (2009). Dynamic Interracial/Intercultural Processes: The Role of Lay Theories of Race. Journal of Personality, 77(5), 1283-1310. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00582.x

Hoyt, C. L., Simon, S., & Reid, L. (2009). Choosing the best (wo)man for the job: The effects of mortality salience, sex, and gender stereotypes on leader evaluations. Leadership Quarterly, 20(2), 233-246. doi: 10.1016/j.leaqua.2009.01.016

Hu, C. Y. (2008). Analyses of measurement equivalence across gender in the Mentoring Functions Questionnaire (MFQ-9). Personality and Individual Differences, 45(3), 199-205. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.03.016

Hu, R., & Pu, P. (2010). A Study on User Perception of Personality-Based Recommender Systems. In P. DeBra, A. Kobsa & D. Chin (Eds.), User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization, Proceedings (Vol. 6075, pp. 291-302).

Huang, J. H., & Yang, Y. C. (2010). THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY TRAITS AND ONLINE SHOPPING MOTIVATIONS. Social Behavior and Personality, 38(5), 673-679. doi: 10.2224/sbp.2010.38.5.673

Ireland, M. E., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2010). Language Style Matching in Writing: Synchrony in Essays, Correspondence, and Poetry. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(3), 549-571. doi: 10.1037/a0020386

Ivcevic, Z., & Mayer, J. (2009). Mapping Dimensions of Creativity in the Life-Space. Creativity Research Journal, 21(2-3), 152-165. doi: 10.1080/10400410902855259

Jacob, J. H., Lehrl, S., & Henkel, A. W. (2007). Early recognition of high quality researchers of the German psychiatry by worldwide accessible bibliometric indicators. Scientometrics, 73(2), 117-130. doi: 10.1007/s11192-006-1729-x

Javo, I. M., & Sorlie, T. (2009). Psychosocial Predictors of an Interest in Cosmetic Surgery among Young Norwegian Women: A Population-Based Study. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 124(6), 2142-2148. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181bcf290

Javo, I. M., & Sorlie, T. (2010). Psychosocial Characteristics of Young Norwegian Women Interested in Liposuction, Breast Augmentation, Rhinoplasty, and Abdominoplasty: A Population-Based Study. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 125(5), 1536-1543. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181d5135a

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Jimmieson, N. L., Peach, M., & White, K. M. (2008). Utilizing the Theory of Planned Behavior to Inform Change Management An Investigation of Employee Intentions to Support Organizational Change. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 44(2), 237-262. doi: 10.1177/0021886307312773

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Jonason, P. K., & Webster, G. D. (2010). The Dirty Dozen: A Concise Measure of the Dark Triad. Psychological Assessment, 22(2), 420-432. doi: 10.1037/a0019265

Jordan, P. J., & Lawrence, S. A. (2009). Emotional intelligence in teams: Development and initial validation of the short version of the Workgroup Emotional Intelligence Profile (WEIP-S). Journal of Management & Organization, 15(4), 452-469.

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Judge, T. A., & Erez, A. (2007). Interaction and intersection: The constellation of emotional stability and extraversion in predicting performance. Personnel Psychology, 60(3), 573-596.

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Junglas, I. A., Johnson, N. A., & Spitzmuller, C. (2008). Personality traits and concern for privacy: an empirical study in the context of location-based services. European Journal of Information Systems, 17(4), 387-402. doi: 10.1057/ejis.2008.29

Kashdan, T. B., & Steger, M. F. (2007). Curiosity and pathways to well-being and meaning in life: Traits, states, and everyday behaviors. Motivation and Emotion, 31(3), 159-173. doi: 10.1007/s11031-007-9068-7

Kell, H. J., Rittmayer, A. D., Crook, A. E., & Motowidlo, S. J. (2010). Situational Content Moderates the Association Between the Big Five Personality Traits and Behavioral Effectiveness. Human Performance, 23(3), 213-228. doi: 10.1080/08959285.2010.488458

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Knapp, C., Huang, I. C., Madden, V., Vadaparampil, S., Quinn, G., & Shenkman, E. (2009). An evaluation of two decision-making scales for children with life-limiting illnesses. Palliative Medicine, 23(6), 518-525. doi: 10.1177/0269216309104892

Kocalevent, R. D., Levenstein, S., Fliege, H., Schmid, G., Hinz, A., Brahler, E., & Klapp, B. F. (2007). Contribution to the construct validity of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire from a population-based survey. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 63(1), 71-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.02.010

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Kufner, A. C. P., Back, M. D., Nestler, S., & Egloff, B. (2010). Tell me a story and I will tell you who you are! Lens model analyses of personality and creative writing. Journal of Research in Personality, 44(4), 427-435. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2010.05.003

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Lemay, E. P., & Dudley, K. L. (2009). Implications of Reflected Appraisals of Interpersonal Insecurity for Suspicion and Power. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35(12), 1672-1686. doi: 10.1177/0146167209348380

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Liening, S. H., Stanton, S. J., Saini, E. K., & Schultheiss, O. C. (2010). Salivary testosterone, cortisol, and progesterone: Two-week stability, interhormone correlations, and effects of time of day, menstrual cycle, and oral contraceptive use on steroid hormone levels. Physiology & Behavior, 99(1), 8-16. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2009.10.001

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Lippa, R. A. (2008). The relation between childhood gender nonconformity and adult masculinity-femininity and anxiety in heterosexual and homosexual men and women. Sex Roles, 59(9-10), 684-693. doi: 10.1007/s11199-008-9476-5

Litvin, S. W. (2008). Sensation Seeking and Its Measurement for Tourism Research. Journal of Travel Research, 46(4), 440-445. doi: 10.1177/0047287507308326

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Lu, L., & Kao, S. F. (2009). DIRECT AND INDIRECT EFFECTS OF PERSONALITY TRAITS ON LEISURE SATISFACTION: EVIDENCE FROM A NATIONAL PROBABILITY SAMPLE IN TAIWAN. Social Behavior and Personality, 37(2), 191-192. doi: 10.2224/sbp.2009.37.2.191

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MacLaren, V. V., & Best, L. A. (2010). Nonsuicidal self-injury, potentially addictive behaviors, and the Five Factor Model in undergraduates. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(5), 521-525. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.05.019

Magee, J. C. (2009). Seeing power in action: The roles of deliberation, implementation, and action in inferences of power. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(1), 1-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2008.06.010

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Maltby, J., Day, L., Gill, P., Colley, A., & Wood, A. M. (2008). Beliefs around luck: Confirming the empirical conceptualization of beliefs around luck and the development of the Darke and Freedman beliefs around luck scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(7), 655-660. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.07.010

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Marsh, H. W., Ludtke, O., Muthen, B., Asparouhov, T., Morin, A. J. S., Trautwein, U., & Nagengast, B. (2010). A New Look at the Big Five Factor Structure Through Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling. Psychological Assessment, 22(3), 471-491. doi: 10.1037/a0019227

Martens, M. P., Karakashian, M. A., Fleming, K. M., Fowler, R. M., Hatchett, E. S., & Cimini, M. D. (2009). CONSCIENTIOUSNESS, PROTECTIVE BEHAVIORAL STRATEGIES, AND ALCOHOL USE: TESTING FOR MEDIATED EFFECTS. Journal of Drug Education, 39(3), 273-287. doi: 10.2190/DE.39.3.d

Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2008). Emotional intelligence - New ability or eclectic traits? American Psychologist, 63(6), 503-517. doi: 10.1037/0003-066x.63.6.503

McElroy, T., & Dowd, K. (2007). Susceptibility to anchoring effects: How openness-to-experience influences responses to anchoring cues. Judgment and Decision Making Journal, 2(1), 48-53.

McGregor, I., Nash, K., & Prentice, M. (2010). Reactive Approach Motivation (RAM) for Religion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(1), 148-161. doi: 10.1037/a0019702

McKimmie, B. M., Jimmieson, N. L., Mathews, R., & Moffat, K. (2009). Social support and fires in the workplace: A preliminary investigation. Work-a Journal of Prevention Assessment & Rehabilitation, 32(1), 59-68. doi: 10.3233/wor-2009-0816

Mellor, D., Hayashi, Y., Firth, L., Stokes, M., Chambers, S., & Cummins, R. (2008). Volunteering and well-being: Do self-esteem, optimism, and perceived control mediate the relationship? Journal of Social Service Research, 34(4), 61-70. doi: 10.1080/01488370802162483

Mellor, D., Hayashi, Y., Stokes, M., Firth, L., Lake, L., Staples, M., . . . Cummins, R. (2009). Volunteering and Its Relationship With Personal and Neighborhood Well-Being. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 38(1), 144-159. doi: 10.1177/0899764008317971

Metzl, E. S. (2009). The Role of Creative Thinking in Resilience After Hurricane Katrina. Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts, 3(2), 112-123. doi: 10.1037/a0013479

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Moffet, H. H., Adler, N., Schillinger, D., Ahmed, A. T., Laraia, B., Selby, J. V., . . . Karter, A. J. (2009). Cohort Profile: The Diabetes Study of Northern California (DISTANCE) - objectives and design of a survey follow-up study of social health disparities in a managed care population. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38(1), 38-47. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyn040

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Mondak, J. J., Hibbing, M. V., Canache, D., Seligson, M. A., & Anderson, M. R. (2010). Personality and Civic Engagement: An Integrative Framework for the Study of Trait Effects on Political Behavior. American Political Science Review, 104(1), 85-110. doi: 10.1017/s0003055409990359

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Noftle, E. E., & Shaver, P. R. (2006). Attachment dimensions and the big five personality traits: Associations and comparative ability to predict relationship quality. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(2), 179-208.

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Olivola, C. Y., & Todorov, A. (2010). Elected in 100 milliseconds: Appearance-Based Trait Inferences and Voting. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 34(2), 83-110. doi: 10.1007/s10919-009-0082-1

Omoto, A. M., Snyder, M., & Hackett, J. D. (2010). Personality and Motivational Antecedents of Activism and Civic Engagement. Journal of Personality, 78(6), 1703-1734. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00667.x

Oshio, A., Abe, S., & Cutrone, P. (2012). Development, reliability, and validity of the Japanese Version of the Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-J). The Japanese Journal of Personality, 21, 40-52.

Ortet, G., Escriva, P., Ibanez, M. I., Moya, J., Villa, H., Mezquita, L., & Ruiperez, M. A. (2010). Short version of a Spanish adaptation for youths of the NEO-PI-R (NEO JS-S). International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 10(2), 327-344.

Oveis, C., Horberg, E. J., & Keltner, D. (2010). Compassion, Pride, and Social Intuitions of Self-Other Similarity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(4), 618-630. doi: 10.1037/a0017628

Ozechowski, T. J., & Waldron, H. B. (2010). Assertive Outreach Strategies for Narrowing the Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment Gap: Implications for Research, Practice, and Policy. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 37(1), 40-63. doi: 10.1007/s11414-008-9136-0

Parker, S. K., & Collins, C. G. (2010). Taking Stock: Integrating and Differentiating Multiple Proactive Behaviors. Journal of Management, 36(3), 633-662. doi: 10.1177/0149206308321554

Picazo-Vela, S., Chou, S. Y., Meicher, A. J., & Pearson, J. M. (2010). Why provide an online review? An extended theory of planned behavior and the role of Big-Five personality traits. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(4), 685-696. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2010.01.005

Pimentel, C. E., Mendonça, D.C., Figueiredo, S.M.C.T.,Maynart, V.A.P., & Almeida, T. O. (2011). Existe relação entre preferências por estilos de filmes e os cinco fatores de personalidade? [There is a relationship between preferences for styles of films and the five factors of personality?]. In: 7º Congresso Norte Nordeste de Psicologia, Salvador. Anais do 7º Congresso Norte Nordeste de Psicologia (online).

Pimentel, C. E., & Seco, D. (2011). Preferências por filmes de terror, suspense, romance, ação e drama e suas diferenças em níveis de agradabilidade e conscienciosidade. [Preference for horror, suspense, romance, action and drama movies and their differences in levels of agreeableness and conscientiousness]. In: 7º Congresso Norte Nordeste de Psicologia, 2011, Salvador. Anais do 7º Congresso Norte Nordeste de Psicologia (online).

Poortvliet, P. M. (2009). Socio-cognitive conflict regulation: construction and validation of a Dutch instrument. Gedrag & Organisatie, 22(2), 136-145.

Poropat, A. E., & Jones, L. (2009). Development and validation of a unifactorial measure of citizenship performance. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82(4), 851-869. doi: 10.1348/096317908x374139

Poulin, M., & Silver, R. C. (2008). World benevolence beliefs and well-being across the life span. Psychology and Aging, 23(1), 13-23. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.23.1.13

Rabiner, D. L., Anastopoulos, A. D., Costello, J., Hoyle, R. H., & Swartzwelder, H. S. (2008). Adjustment to College in Students With ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 11(6), 689-699. doi: 10.1177/1087054707305106

Ramachandra, P., Booth, S., Pieters, T., Vrotsou, K., & Huppert, F. A. (2009). A brief self-administered psychological intervention to improve well-being in patients with cancer: results from a feasibility study. Psycho-Oncology, 18(12), 1323-1326. doi: 10.1002/pon.1516

Ramirez-Esparza, N., Gosling, S. D., Benet-Martinez, V., Potter, J. P., & Pennebaker, J. W. (2006). Do bilinguals have two personalities? A special case of cultural frame switching. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(2), 99-120.

Rammstedt, B. (2007). The 10-Item Big Five Inventory - Norm values and investigation of sociodemographic effects based on a German population representative sample. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 23(3), 193-201. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759.23.3.193

Rammstedt, B., & John, O. P. (2007). Measuring personality in one minute or less: A 10-item short version of the Big Five Inventory in English and German. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(1), 203-212. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2006.02.001

Rellini, A. H., Vujanovic, A. A., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2010). Emotional Dysregulation: Concurrent Relation to Sexual Problems Among Trauma-Exposed Adult Cigarette Smokers. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 36(2), 137-153. doi: 10.1080/00926230903554545

Renner, K. H., Enz, S., Friedel, H., Merzbacher, G., & Laux, L. (2008). Doing as if: The histrionic self-presentation style. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(5), 1303-1322. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2008.04.005

Rentfrow, P. J., Gosling, S. D., & Potter, J. (2008). A Theory of the Emergence, Persistence, and Expression of Geographic Variation in Psychological Characteristics. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3(5), 339-369. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6924.2008.00084.x

Rentfrow, P. J., McDonald, J. A., & Oldmeadow, J. A. (2009). You Are What You Listen To: Young People's Stereotypes about Music Fans. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 12(3), 329-344. doi: 10.1177/1368430209102845

Ricard-St-Aubin, J. S., Philippe, F. L., Beaulieu-Pelletier, G., & Lecours, S. (2010). French validation of the Differential Emotions Scale IV (DES-IV). European Review of Applied Psychology-Revue Europeenne De Psychologie Appliquee, 60(1), 41-53. doi: 10.1016/j.erap.2009.05.001

Ripp, J., Fallar, R., Babyatsky, M., David, R., Reich, L., & Korenstein, D. (2010). Prevalence of Resident Burnout at the Start of Training. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 22(3), 172-175. doi: 10.1080/10401334.2010.488194

Robins, R. W., Noftle, E. E., Trzesniewski, K. H., & Roberts, B. W. (2005). Do people know how their personality has changed? Correlates of perceived and actual personality change in young adulthood. Journal of Personality, 73(2), 489-521.

Robinson, O. C. (2009). On the Social Malleability of Traits Variability and Consistency in Big 5 Trait Expression Across Three Interpersonal Contexts. Journal of Individual Differences, 30(4), 201-208. doi: 10.1027/1614-0001.30.4.201

Robinson, O. C., Demetre, J. D., & Corney, R. (2010). Personality and retirement: Exploring the links between the Big Five personality traits, reasons for retirement and the experience of being retired. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(7), 792-797. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.01.014

Romero, E., Villar, P., Gómez-Fraguela, J. A., & López-Romero, L. (2012). Measuring personality traits with ultra-short scales: A study of the Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) in a Spanish sample. Personality and Individual Differences. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.03.035

Ross, R., Blair, S. N., Godwin, M., Hotz, S., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Lam, M., . . . MacDonald, S. (2009). Prevention and Reduction of Obesity through Active Living (PROACTIVE): rationale, design and methods. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(1), 57-63. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2008.053504

Sasaki, S. J., & Vorauer, J. D. (2010). Contagious resource depletion and anxiety? Spreading effects of evaluative concern and impression formation in dyadic social interaction. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(6), 1011-1016. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2010.07.003

Sava, F. A. (2009). MALADAPTIVE SCHEMAS, IRRATIONAL BELIEFS, AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH THE FIVE-FACTOR PERSONALITY MODEL. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies, 9(2), 135-147.

Schoen, H. (2007). Personality traits and foreign policy attitudes in German public opinion. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 51(3), 408-430. doi: 10.1177/0022002707300180

Schulze, R., & Roberts, R. D. (2006). Assessing the Big Five - Development and validation of the Openness Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Index Condensed (OCEANIC). Zeitschrift Fur Psychologie, 214(3), 133-149.

Seery, M. D., Holman, E. A., & Silver, R. C. (2010). Whatever Does Not Kill Us: Cumulative Lifetime Adversity, Vulnerability, and Resilience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(6), 1025-1041. doi: 10.1037/a0021344

Seery, M. D., Silver, R. C., Holman, E. A., Ence, W. A., & Chu, T. Q. (2008). Expressing thoughts and feelings following a collective trauma: Immediate responses to 9/11 predict negative outcomes in a national sample. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(4), 657-667. doi: 10.1037/0022-006x.76.4.657

Selfhout, M., Burk, W., Branje, S., Denissen, J., van Aken, M., & Meeus, W. (2010). Emerging Late Adolescent Friendship Networks and Big Five Personality Traits: A Social Network Approach. Journal of Personality, 78(2), 509-538. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00625.x

Selfhout, M., Denissen, J., Branje, S., & Meeus, W. (2009). In the Eye of the Beholder: Perceived, Actual, and Peer-Rated Similarity in Personality, Communication, and Friendship Intensity During the Acquaintanceship Process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(6), 1152-1165. doi: 10.1037/a0014468

Sellers, J. G., Mehl, M. R., & Josephs, R. A. (2007). Hormones and personality: Testosterone as a marker of individual differences. Journal of Research in Personality, 41(1), 126-138. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2006.02.004

Sexton, R., & Sorlie, T. (2008). Use of traditional healing among Sami psychiatric patients in the north of Norway. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 67(1), 135-146.

Shane, S., Nicolaou, N., Cherkas, L., & Spector, T. D. (2010a). DO OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE AND RECOGNIZING OPPORTUNITIES HAVE THE SAME GENETIC SOURCE? Human Resource Management, 49(2), 291-303. doi: 10.1002/hrm.20343

Shane, S., Nicolaou, N., Cherkas, L., & Spector, T. D. (2010b). Genetics, the Big Five, and the Tendency to Be Self-Employed. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(6), 1154-1162. doi: 10.1037/a0020294

Sheldon, K. M., Cummins, R., & Kamble, S. (2010). Life Balance and Well-Being: Testing a Novel Conceptual and Measurement Approach. Journal of Personality, 78(4), 1093-1134. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00644.x

Sholl, M. J., Kenny, R. J., & DellaPorta, K. A. (2006). Allocentric-heading recall and its relation to self-reported sense-of-direction. Journal of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory and Cognition, 32(3), 516-533.

Sibley, C. G., & Duckitt, J. (2008). Personality and prejudice: A meta-analysis and theoretical review. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12(3), 248-279. doi: 10.1177/1088868308319226

Silvia, P. J. (2008). Another look at creativity and intelligence: Exploring higher-order models and probable confounds. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(4), 1012-1021. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2007.10.027

Silvia, P. J., Martin, C., & Nusbaum, E. C. (2009). A snapshot of creativity: Evaluating a quick and simple method for assessing divergent thinking. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 4(2), 79-85. doi: 10.1016/j.tsc.2009.06.005

Silvia, P. J., Nusbaum, E. C., Berg, C., Martin, C., & O'Connor, A. (2009). Openness to experience, plasticity, and creativity: Exploring lower-order, high-order, and interactive effects. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(6), 1087-1090. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.04.015

Silvia, P. J., & Sanders, C. E. (2010). Why are smart people curious? Fluid intelligence, openness to experience, and interest. Learning and Individual Differences, 20(3), 242-245. doi: 10.1016/j.lindif.2010.01.006

Slatcher, R. B., & Vazire, S. (2009). Effects of global and contextualized personality on relationship satisfaction. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(4), 624-633. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.02.012

Smithson, M., & Campbell, P. D. (2009). Buying and Selling Prices under Risk, Ambiguity and Conflict.

Smits, D. J. M., & Boeck, P. D. (2006). From BIS/BAS to the Big Five. European Journal of Personality, 20(4), 255-270.

Smits, N., & Vorst, H. C. M. (2007). Reducing the length of questionnaires through structurally incomplete designs: An illustration. Learning and Individual Differences, 17(1), 25-34. doi: 10.1016/j.lindif.2006.12.005

Somerville, L. H., Kelley, W. M., & Heatherton, T. F. (2010). Self-esteem Modulates Medial Prefrontal Cortical Responses to Evaluative Social Feedback. Cerebral Cortex, 20(12), 3005-3013. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhq049

Sorensen, S., Duberstein, P. R., Chapman, B., Lyness, J. M., & Pinquart, M. (2008). How Are Personality Traits Related to Preparation for Future Care Needs in Older Adults? Journals of Gerontology Series B-Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 63(6), P328-P336.

Srivastava, S., Guglielmo, S., & Beer, J. S. (2010). Perceiving Others' Personalities: Examining the Dimensionality, Assumed Similarity to the Self, and Stability of Perceiver Effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(3), 520-534. doi: 10.1037/a0017057

Stillman, T. F., & Maner, J. K. (2009). A sharp eye for her SOI: perception and misperception of female sociosexuality at zero acquaintance. Evolution and Human Behavior, 30(2), 124-130. doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2008.09.005

Sutin, A. R., & Robins, R. W. (2005). Continuity and correlates of emotions and motives in self-defining memories. Journal of Personality, 73(3), 793-824.

Sutin, A. R., & Robins, R. W. (2008). Going forward by drawing from the past: Personal strivings, personally meaningful memories, and personality traits. Journal of Personality, 76(3), 631-663. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00499.x

Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Bridges, S., & Furnham, A. (2009). Acceptance of cosmetic surgery: Personality and individual difference predictors. Body Image, 6(1), 7-13. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2008.09.004

Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., & Shafi, M. (2010). Psychology in Outerspace Personality, Individual Difference, and Demographic Predictors of Beliefs About Extraterrestrial Life. European Psychologist, 15(3), 220-228. doi: 10.1027/1016-9040/a000023

Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Snelgar, R., & Furnham, A. (2010). Egoistic, altruistic, and biospheric environmental concerns: A path analytic investigation of their determinants. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 51(2), 139-145. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2009.00760.x

Swami, V., Stieger, S., Pietschnig, J., & Voracek, M. (2010). The disinterested play of thought: Individual differences and preference for surrealist motion pictures. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(7), 855-859. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.02.013

Taylor, A. C. (2009). Sustainable urban water management: understanding and fostering champions of change. Water Science and Technology, 59(5), 883-891. doi: 10.2166/wst.2009.033

Tews, M. J., Stafford, K., & Zhu, J. F. (2009). Beauty Revisited: The impact of attractiveness, ability, and personality in the assessment of employment suitability. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 17(1), 92-100. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2389.2009.00454.x

Thompson, E. R. (2008). Development and validation of an International English Big-Five Mini-Markers. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(6), 542-548. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.06.013

Thorisdottir, H., Jost, J. T., Liviatan, I., & Shrout, P. E. (2007). Psychological needs and values underlying left-right political orientation: Cross-national evidence from Eastern and Western Europe. Public Opinion Quarterly, 71(2), 175-203. doi: 10.1093/poq/nfm008

Todorov, A., Mandisodza, A. N., Goren, A., & Hall, C. C. (2005). Inferences of competence from faces predict election outcomes. Science, 308(5728), 1623-1626.

Todorov, A., Pakrashi, M., & Oosterhof, N. N. (2009). EVALUATING FACES ON TRUSTWORTHINESS AFTER MINIMAL TIME EXPOSURE. Social Cognition, 27(6), 813-833.

Triantafyllakos, G., Palaigeorgiou, G., & Tsoukalas, I. A. (2010). Fictional characters in participatory design sessions: Introducing the "design alter egos" technique. Interacting with Computers, 22(3), 165-175. doi: 10.1016/j.intcom.2009.12.003

Usborne, E., & Taylor, D. M. (2010). The Role of Cultural Identity Clarity for Self-Concept Clarity, Self-Esteem, and Subjective Well-Being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(7), 883-897. doi: 10.1177/0146167210372215

van de Garde-Perik, E., Markopoulos, P., de Ruyter, B., Eggen, B., & Ijsselsteijn, W. (2008). Investigating privacy attitudes and behavior in relation to personalization. Social Science Computer Review, 26(1), 20-43. doi: 10.1177/0894439307307682

Vazire, S., & Gosling, S. D. (2004). e-Perceptions: Personality impressions based on personal websites. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87(1), 123-132.

Vazire, S. (2010). Who Knows What About a Person? The Self-Other Knowledge Asymmetry (SOKA) Model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(2), 281-300. doi: 10.1037/a0017908

Verhoeven, W., Egger, J., & Tuinier, S. (2007). Thoughts on the behavioural phenotypes in Prader-Willi syndrome and velo-cardio-facial syndrome: a novel approach. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 19(4), 244-250. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-5215.2007.00202.x

Verhulst, B., Hatemi, P. K., & Martin, N. G. (2010). The nature of the relationship between personality traits and political attitudes. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(4), 306-316. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.013

Veselska, Z., Geckova, A. M., Gajdosova, B., Orosova, O., van Dijk, J. P., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2010). Socio-economic differences in self-esteem of adolescents influenced by personality, mental health and social support. European Journal of Public Health, 20(6), 647-652. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckp210

Volk, S., Thöni, C., & Ruigrok, W. (2011). Personality, personal values and cooperation preferences in public goods games: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 810-815.

Volk, S., Thöni, C., & Ruigrok, W. (2012). Temporal stability and psychological foundations of cooperation preferences. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 81, 664/676.

von Hippel, W., & Dunlop, S. M. (2005). Aging, inhibition, and social inappropriateness. Psychology and Aging, 20(3), 519-523. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.20.3.519

von Hippel, W., & Gonsalkorale, K. (2005). "That is bloody revolting"! Inhibitory control of thoughts better left unsaid. Psychological Science, 16(7), 497-500.

Voracek, M., Gabler, D., Kreutzer, C., Stieger, S., Swami, V., & Formann, A. K. (2010). Multi-method personality assessment of butchers and hunters: Beliefs and reality. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(7), 819-822. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.06.028

Waggoner, A. S., Smith, E. R., & Collins, E. C. (2009). Person perception by active versus passive perceivers. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(4), 1028-1031. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.04.026

Wang, K., Barron, L. G., & Hebl, M. R. (2010). Making Those Who Cannot See Look Best: Effects of Visual Resume Formatting on Ratings of Job Applicants With Blindness. Rehabilitation Psychology, 55(1), 68-73. doi: 10.1037/a0018546

Weinstein, N., Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2009). A multi-method examination of the effects of mindfulness on stress attribution, coping, and emotional well-being. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(3), 374-385. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2008.12.008

Weinstein, N., & Hodgins, H. S. (2009). The Moderating Role of Autonomy and Control on the Benefits of Written Emotion Expression. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35(3), 351-364. doi: 10.1177/0146167208328165

Weinstein, N., & Ryan, R. M. (2010). When Helping Helps: Autonomous Motivation for Prosocial Behavior and Its Influence on Well-Being for the Helper and Recipient. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(2), 222-244. doi: 10.1037/a0016984

Westmaas, J., Moeller, S., & Woicik, P. B. (2007). Validation of a measure of college students' intoxicated behaviors: Associations with alcohol outcome expectancies, drinking motives, and personality. Journal of American College Health, 55(4), 227-237.

Widiger, T. A., & Lowe, J. R. (2007). Five-factor model assessment of personality disorder. Journal of Personality Assessment, 89(1), 16-29.

Wood, D., & Brumbaugh, C. C. (2009). Using Revealed Mate Preferences to Evaluate Market Force and Differential Preference Explanations for Mate Selection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(6), 1226-1244. doi: 10.1037/a0015300

Wood, D., Harms, P., & Vazire, S. (2010). Perceiver Effects as Projective Tests: What Your Perceptions of Others Say About You. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(1), 174-190. doi: 10.1037/a0019390

Wood, D., Nye, C. D., & Saucier, G. (2010). Identification and measurement of a more comprehensive set of person-descriptive trait markers from the English lexicon. Journal of Research in Personality, 44(2), 258-272. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2010.02.003

Woods, S. A., & Hampson, S. E. (2005). Measuring the Big Five with single items using a bipolar response scale. European Journal of Personality, 19(5), 373-390.

Wright, R., Chakraborty, S., Basoglu, A., & Marett, K. (2010). Where Did They Go Right? Understanding the Deception in Phishing Communications. Group Decision and Negotiation, 19(4), 391-416. doi: 10.1007/s10726-009-9167-9

Xia, L., Yuan, Y. C., & Gay, G. (2009). Exploring Negative Group Dynamics Adversarial Network, Personality, and Performance in Project Groups. Management Communication Quarterly, 23(1), 32-62. doi: 10.1177/0893318909335416

Xu, X. M., Floyd, A. H. L., Westmaas, J. L., & Aron, A. (2010). Self-expansion and smoking abstinence. Addictive Behaviors, 35(4), 295-301. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.10.019

Yarkoni, T. (2010). The abbreviation of personality, or how to measure 200 personality scales with 200 items. Journal of Research in Personality, 44(2), 180-198. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2010.01.002

Zitek, E. M., Jordan, A. H., Monin, B., & Leach, F. R. (2010). Victim Entitlement to Behave Selfishly. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(2), 245-255. doi: 10.1037/a0017168






Short Test Of Music Preferences (STOMP)

The STOMP is a 14-item scale assessing preferences in music genres.  It assesses four broad music-preference dimensions. The STOMPR is a revised version of the scale assessing preferences for 23 genres.

Original reference: 

     Rentfrow, P. J., & Gosling, S. D. (2003). The do re mi’s of everyday life: The structure and personality correlates of music preferences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 1236-1256.


The present research examines individual differences in music preferences. A series of six studies investigated lay beliefs about music, the structure underlying music preferences, and the links between music preferences and personality. The data indicated that people consider music to be an important aspect of their lives and listening to music as an activity they engaged in frequently. Using multiple samples, methods, and geographic regions, analyses of the music preferences of over 3,500 individuals converged to reveal four music-preference dimensions: Reflective and Complex, Intense and Rebellious, Upbeat and Conventional, and Energetic and Rhythmic. Preference for these music dimensions were related to a wide array of personality dimensions (e.g., Openness), self-views (e.g., political orientation), and cognitive abilities (e.g., verbal ability).

More information:

1. STOMP manuscript (pdf format)

2. STOMP scale (html) ** 

3. STOMP scale (pdf format)

4. STOMP norms (pdf format)  Rentfrow P. J. & Gosling S. D. (2003). Norms for the Short Test of Music Preferences. Unpublished data, University of Texas at Austin

**We're continuing to develop the STOMP by adding new music genres.  If you are considering using it, please contact us for an updated version.**  The latest version, the STOMPR, is available here.

A Portugese (Brazilian Portugese) version of the STOMP is available  here (in pdf format) as part of a larger scientific report on the instrument. It was developed by Carlos Eduardo Pimentel.






Personal Living Space Cue Inventory (PLSCI)

The PLSCI is designed to help researchers document the contents of Personal Living Spaces (e.g. rooms in dorms or residential centers). The instrument has several hundred items on it but you should feel free to use just portions of it if that's what suits your research questions. The PLSCI includes broad ratings (e.g., clean vs. dirty; drafty vs. stuffy; gloomy vs. cheerful) and codings of specific items (e.g., scissors, sports related decor, ash tray). 

Original reference: 

     Gosling, S. D., Craik, K. H., Martin, N. R., & Pryor, M. R. (2005). The Personal Living Space Cue Inventory: An analysis and evaluation. Environment and Behavior, 37, 683-705.


We introduce the Personal Living Space Cue Inventory (PLSCI), designed to document comprehensively features of Personal Living Spaces (PLS); common examples of PLSs include rooms in family households, dormitories, or residential centers. We describe the PLSCI’s development, and provide evidence for its reliability and sensitivity. Next, we employ case-study comparisons to illustrate and evaluate the perspectives provided by global descriptors and specific content codings. We conclude that global ratings and specific codings provide complementary yet distinct characterizations of PLSs.

More information:

1. PLSCI manuscript [in pdf format] 

2. Norms based on assessments of 83 Personal Living Spaces are available in: Gosling, S. D., Craik, K. H., Martin, N. R., & Pryor, M. R. (2005). Material attributes of Personal Living Spaces. Home Cultures, 2, 51-88 [available in pdf].  This paper presents a broad conceptual framework for exploring the meanings conveyed by the attributes and item contents of Personal Living Spaces, focusing on three personal characteristics of residents: gender, ethnicity, and personality.





[Social-Personality Area]    [Department of Psychology]    [University of Texas]

Send mail to GoslingLab with questions or comments about this web site.
Last modified: October 12, 2011